Nebulization Procedure Steps: How To Perform


nebulization procedure steps

Before starting Nebulization procedure steps. We must need to know about nebulization, without understanding this we can't able to know whole sides of this procedures. 

What is Nebulization? How are nebulization procedure used in steps

Nebulization is a type of therapy that is used in some types of respiratory diseases like asthma. The nebulizer machine transforms liquid medicines into vapors which can be easily ingested through respiration. 

These devices run on electricity or batteries. Some machines are large, due to which it is very difficult to move them from one place to another whereas some machines are portable which can be easily kept with them anywhere. In this machine, there is a medicine chamber where liquid medicine is kept. 

The machine is equipped with an air compressor that compresses the air, converting the liquid medicine in the machine into aerosols.

Uses of a Nebulizer : To perform Nebulization Procedure steps

It is often used in respiratory diseases such as asthma. With this, nebulizer useful for a baby. 
It is not only used in asthma, it can also be used in other respiratory diseases along with asthma. like nebulizer for cough & pneumonia.

The medicine used in this machine is different for every disease which has some of the following types:
  • Corticosteroids - to releve inflammation
  • Bronchodialaters - to open the respiratory tract
READ ALSO: Nebulization Procedure In Hindi

Types of nebulizer: can be used in Nebulization Procedure steps

There are three types of this machine:

  1. Jet - In this, compressors are used to convert the drug into aerosols.
  2. Ultrasonic - In this, the liquid drug is converted into aerosols with the help of high-frequency vibrations.
  3. Mesh - In this, the drug is passed through a fine mesh to be converted into aerosols.

In all of these, mesh nebulizer is most effective because of their efficiency, to made aerosols are too smallest. 

Nebulization Tray Articles: For Nebulization Procedure steps

  • machine
  • Cup
  • Mask / Mouthpiece
  • Nebulizing Tube / Hose
  • Nebulizer Liquid medicine
nebulization procedure steps

Nebulizer Procedure Steps: How to do 

While giving this therapy to a patient it is necessary to follow the following steps:

1. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap or handwash.

2. Keep these five things in mind before adding liquid medicine in the cup:

  • Right patient
  • Right drugs
  • Right time
  • Right dose
  • Right route

3. Explain the complete procedure to the patient in detail.

4. Sit the patient in a semi-fowler position.

5. Check the respiratory status of the patient - For this, ask the patient to take a deep breath and completely air out of the nose.

6. Connect the nebulizing tube to the machine and cup (in which liquid medicine is filled).

7. Now attach the cup part with the mask/mouthpiece.

8. Turn on the switch of the  machine and see that the medicine is coming out of the mouthpiece in the form of gas.

9. Apply the mask/mouthpiece well over the patient's mouth and nose, making sure that the medicine does not come out of anywhere.

10. Ask the patient to breathe through the mouth comfortably until the entire medicine is over.

11. It may take 10-15 minutes.

12. When the medicine is over in the cup, switch off the machine.

13. Wash all parts of the machine thoroughly and keep it in the correct place.

14. Keep your hand wash after the process is complete.

Advantages of Nebulization

It has the following advantages:

  • This therapy works for children who are unable to use any other inhalation device.
  • The nebulizer allows the drug to reach the lungs directly where it is needed.
  • Through this, the medicine gets effected very quickly.
  • It is very effective for asthma patients.
  • This process is not painful for the patient.
  • It can be used to overcome respiratory problems as well as in severe respiratory emergencies.

Disadvantages of Nebulization

It has the following disadvantages:

  • If the mask/mouthpiece is not cleaned properly after prolonged use, it may cause an infection in the lungs.
  • In its use, a large amount of the drug is wasted through gas which escapes from the side of the mouthpiece.
  • Its use in diseases like asthma is more expensive than that of an ordinary inhaler.

The drugs used in it are responsible for most of the side effects caused by this therapy. But in some cases, the problems caused to the patient can also be due to nebulization.

These problems are as follows:

  • shivering
  • Headache
  • Increase heart rate
  • Dry mouth

If you have any question releted Nebulization, comment below in comment section.
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Dev chaudhary
Dev chaudhary I'm Dev and I am 22 year old. I provide you amazing articles related to nursing and recreation.

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